Security & PeacebuildingUmutekano n' Ubusugire bw' IgihuguCHECK MAILCONTACT US
Republic of Rwanda Repubulika y'u Rwanda

Security & Peacebuilding

1. The Ministry Of Defence

The mission of the Ministry of Defence is the conduct of defence in terms of protecting Rwanda’s interests, territorial integrity, vital resources, her people and shared values under the ambit of the Constitution and International Law.

The overall goal of the Ministry of Defence is to generate, employ and sustain combat-ready, integrated and rapidly deployable Defence Force, capable of quick assemblage to meet varying contingencies both at home and abroad.

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The Rwanda Defence Force

The Rwanda Defence Force (RDF) was previously a liberation force known as the Rwanda Patriotic Army (RPA). The Law No 19/2002 of 17/05/2002 renamed the RPA as the Rwanda Defence Force. Since 2002, the RDF adopted a Joint Structure with a Chief of Defence Staff at the helm of the Defence Force. He is the Joint Commander. The Structure and Force design offer flexibility required to respond to a variety of contingencies.

The Rwanda Defence Forces’ mission as provided in the constitution is:

  • To defend the territorial integrity and the national sovereignty of the Republic;
  • To collaborate with other security organs in safe-guarding public order and enforcement of law;
  • To participate in humanitarian activities in case of disasters;
  • To contribute to the development of the country;
  • To participate in international peace-keeping missions, humanitarian assistance and training.

The RDF comprises of the Rwanda Army (Land Forces), the Rwanda Air Force (Air Forces), the Rwanda Reserve Force and Special Units. The RDF Structure reflects a Joint Headquarter; Commands and Institutions placed directly under the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS); Service Headquarters and various staff groups.

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  1. Rwandan soldiers play special role in CAR. –Aljazeera - Watch here
  2. Rwandan soldiers play special role in CAR. – RBA- Watch here
  3. Rwanda Peacekeepers in South Sudan Commendable Watch here
  4. Rwanda Defence Force in Pictures Open here

2. The Rwanda National Police (RNP)

Rwanda National Police (RNP) was established on the 16th of June, 2000 by law No 09 of 2000. It is a result of merging three forces that existed before 1994. The three fused forces were the Gendarmerie Nationale, which was under the Ministry of Defence, the Communal Police under the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and Judicial Police under the Ministry of Justice.

RNP as a proactive force is built on the core values of professionalism, patriotism, integrity and high level of discipline. When RNP came into being in 2000, its first priority was to consolidate safety and security, which had been lacking under the previous governments culminating into the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. To do this, so much investment was made in promoting the values of selfless service, professionalism and efficiency in overcoming crime and enabling a safe environment.

Currently, RNP has gone far beyond the traditional methods of policing to make the people understand their role in crime prevention. The force is founded on strong partnerships with the public in fighting crime. These partnerships are evident today through the promotion of core values of security and safety, spearheaded through community policing that enables police officers and civilians to share critical information that is used to overcome crime.

RNP has been actively engaged in peace Support Operations since 2005. Today, the force deploys in six UN missions and New York with over 925 officers deployed as Individual Police Officers (IPOs), Formed Police Units (FPUs) and Police Professionals.


3. Rwanda Correctional Services (RCS)

RCS has transformed itself into an institution that rehabilitates convicts to become responsible citizens when they eventually serve their time rather than a punishment oriented body. On top of this, the institution has increasingly become income generating rather than a funding consuming body. Currently the institution has 14 correctional Centres countrywide


4. Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs (MIDIMAR)

The Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs was established to attain a highly proficient mechanism for preventing, mitigating, and responding, recovering, securing, monitoring and timely acting positively in order to promote disaster awareness culture within a sector policy framework oriented to management of natural and manmade disasters.

The Ministry is tasked with developing a pro- active refugee policy and good mechanism for handling of Rwandan and Foreign Refugees affairs in respect of Rwandan law and international treaties signed for protection of refugees which permit to develop a comprehensive advance response strategy.






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