Health and Social WelfareUbuzima n'Imibereho MyizaCHECK MAILCONTACT US
Republic of Rwanda Repubulika y'u Rwanda

Health and Social welfare

1. Health Sector 

Rwanda’s health sector, like many others in the country, has in the last decades remarkably evolved. The success is in part due to the fact that the Government and the Ministry of Health work as one in pursuit of an integrated and community-driven development process. 

a. Ministry of Health (MoH)

To enhance public health services, the Ministry of Health is committed to strengthening the quality of service delivered and providing access to treatment from a bottom up approach.

Each village elects three volunteers to act as Community Health Workers for the general population - a binome comprising of a man and a woman for general diseases and a woman as assistant maternal to follow antenatal care - and the first line of defence addressing 80% of the burden of disease through home-based care.  Community Health Workers are trained by the Ministry of Health throughout the country to deliver quality services, monitor health at village level and refer sick patients to the nearest health centre whereby based on the gravity of their cases they are then transferred to more specialised health facility or ultimately to a Referral Hospital.

The Ministry of Health also facilitates a universal health insurance coverage commonly known as Mutuelle de Santé currently covering over 85 % of the population and 90% of their medical bill. Rwandans within their several clusters also benefit from various health insurance schemes such as RAMA/RSSB, MMI and others of the private sector.

Through the above mentioned health insurance schemes, Rwandans and foreigners leaving in Rwanda are entitled to the necessary medical care from any of the 504 health centres, 501 Health Posts, 36 District Hospital 4 Provincial Hospitals and 7 Referral Hospitals in the country.

Overall, Rwanda’s health system practices and policies are among the key elements which allowed the country its vibrant progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and a projection towards SDGs.

Interesting statistics comparisons:

  • Infant mortality: 48.6/1000 (Census, 2012) ; 32/1000 (DHS, 2014-2015)
  • Under 5 Mortality: 72.3/1000 (Census, 2012) ; 50/1000 (DHS, 2014-2015)
  • Maternal mortality: 476/ 100,000 (DHS , 2010) ; 210/100,000 (DHS, 2014-2015)
  • Assisted deliveries: 90% (HMIS 2013) ; 91% (DHS, 2014-2015)

Health policies and reports:

  1. Health Policies
  2. Rwanda DHS 2014 - 2015 Key Indicators
  3. Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey 2014-2015

Related websites: 


b. Rwanda Biomedical Centre

Rwanda Biomedical Centre’s mission is to promote quality affordable and sustainable health care services to the population through innovative and evidence based interventions and practices guided by ethics and professionalism.


c. National Reference Laboratory

The National Reference Laboratory (NRL) was established in July, 2003 by the Rwandan Government to develop institutional infrastructure, laboratory network, research and links at national and international level.


d. Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB)

Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB) was established by the law No.45/2010 of 14/12/2010 that determines its mission, organization and functioning. This institution was established after the merger of Social Security Fund of Rwanda (SSFR) with Rwanda Health Insurance Fund (RAMA).

The mandate of the institution is to administer social security in the country. The branches currently managed include; pension, occupational risks and health insurance. The benefits offered under the different branches are; old age, invalidity, survivorship, work injuries and work related diseases and health insurance benefits. Since 2014, RSSB also manages the Mutuelle de Santé scheme.


2. Gender and Family Promotion

Since 1994, the Government of Rwanda has demonstrated strong commitment to gender equality and women’s empowerment. This commitment has been reflected among other things in the setting up, of the necessary institutional machinery to manage gender programs in the country.

Institutions within the National Gender Machinery:

a. Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion (MIGEPROF)

The Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion is the central government institution mandated to ensure strategic coordination of policy implementation in the area of gender, family, women's empowerment and children's issues. It plays a leading role in the implementation of gender agenda.

The Ministry has made tremendous steps in ensuring gender equality and equity for both men and women and promotion of family as a central unit for Rwanda’s development initiatives throughout the process of rebuilding the nation since the genocide.


b. National Women’s Council (NWC)

The National Women’s Council is a forum for advocacy and social mobilisation on issues affecting women in order to build their capacity and ensure their participation in the development of the country in general, and the development of women in particular.


c. Gender Monitoring Office (GMO)

The Mission of Gender Monitoring Office is to effectively monitor gender mainstreaming and the fight against Gender Based Violence in public, private, civil society and religious institutions to achieve gender equality in Rwanda promotes accountability for sustainable development in Rwanda. 


d. National Children Council (NCC)

The National Children Council’s mandate is to ensure that children’s rights are met through the provision of basic needs and services for all children in the country, and protect them from abuse and exploitation.

The council also aims at enhancing child rights by coordinating, implementing, overseeing and monitoring the child protection system to give Rwanda’s children the opportunity to develop into productive and responsible citizens.

Children are defined as persons below the age of 18 years and the Integrated Child Rights Policy of Rwanda is based on seven key themes: Identity and Nationality; Family and Alternative Care; Survival, Health and Standards of Living; Education; Protection; Justice; and Child Participation.


e. Women Parliamentarians’ Forum (FFRP)

The Women Parliamentarians’ Forum is made by Parliamentarians and is a network affiliated to the Rwandan Parliament; this forum will plays an indispensable role in supporting gender equality and women empowerment by influencing for enactment of sounding laws and policies on gender issues in Rwanda.

The forum is contributing a lot in gender equality and women empowerment through different activities including advocacy for the end of any injustice based on gender, women rights promotion and equity between men and women with parity at all levels as well as the promotion of policies, programs and laws which take into account gender aspect. It is also contributing in strengthening the capacities of Rwandan female parliamentarians.

Relevant reports:

  1. The 2014 Global gender gap report
  2. The 2009 Social Watch Gender Equity index








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