Environment and natural Resources, Agriculture and LivestockIbidukikije, Umutungo Kamere, Ubuhinzi n' UbworoziCHECK MAILCONTACT US
Republic of Rwanda Repubulika y'u Rwanda

Environment and natural resources, Agriculture and Livestock

Agriculture and Livestock 

  • Agriculture share to GDP 33%
  • Agriculture GDP growth 5%
  • Milk production in metric tons 724,622
  • Number of cows distributed under Girinka Programme (cumulative) 219,139
  • Fish production in MT 24,594
  • Radical terraces in ha (cumulative) 92,503.50
  • Progressive terraces in ha (cumulative) 902,844.00
  • Hillside irrigation ha (cumulative) 6,130
  • Marshland irrigation in ha (cumulative) 29,277

1. Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI) 

The Ministry’s mission is to develop and manage suitable programs of transformation and modernisation of agriculture and livestock to ensure food security and to contribute to the national economy. The Ministry’s vision is to modernise Agriculture and Livestock to achieve food security.

The key pillars of this vision is the transformation of Agriculture from subsistence to a productive high value, market oriented farming that is environmentally friendly and has an impact on other sectors of the economy.

The Ministry also oversees the development and implementation of policy of to increase animal and crop production, modernise farming, reduce poverty, ensure food security and have surplus for the market. This will ultimately result in the increase of the standard of living of the population.

Website: www.minagri.gov.rw

2. Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB)

The Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) was formed from thee agriculture agencies namely: Rwanda Animal Resources Development Authority (RARDA), Rwanda Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) and Rwanda Agriculture Research Institute (French acronym: ISAR).

The Government of Rwanda expects this reform to remove the historical legacy that created artificial gaps between research and extension, strengthen the linkage with policy, and establish efficiency in service delivery through institutional integration in the agricultural sector for improved livelihoods of the Rwandan people.

RAB is tasked to develop agriculture and animal husbandry through their reform, and using modern methods in crop and animal production, research, agricultural extension, education and training of farmers in new technologies.

Website: www.rab.gov.rw

Environment and Natural Resources  

1. Ministry of Natural Resources (MNIRENA)

The Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA) was established to ensure sustainable management and rational use of natural resources. The imbalance between population and natural resources is the biggest challenge that Rwanda has with regard to the management and protection of the environment and natural resources (land, water resources, forests, minerals, etc.). Degradation has occurred over the decades causing serious ecological and socio-economic problems that, if no adequate recovery measures are undertaken, would lead to an irreversible damage.

Website: www.minirena.gov.rw

2. Land Sub-sector

Rwanda has an area of 26,338 km2 with a population of 10,762,085 million (2012 Census). Rwanda is known as the most densely populated sub- Saharan African Country with its population density of 407 inhabitants per km.

Land as a valuable resource is stated as one of the important pillars for sustainable development in the country’s Vision 2020. It is therefore a priority area for agricultural development and a springboard in the fight against poverty.

The Land sub-sector is one of the five sub-sectors that constitute the Environment and Natural Resources Sector.  The objective of this sub-sector is to develop appropriate policies for land use and to ensure that all land resources are recorded and classified adequately and, that laws and appropriate land tenure systems are applied.

3. Environment Sub-sector

A considerable proportion of Rwanda‘s economy is delivered directly and indirectly from environmental resources. More than 80% of the Rwandan population derive their livelihoods directly from the country’s nature. All these factors and many others make this sub-sector significant to nation development.

Rwanda’s environment keeps changing as is evident in the extent of land degradation, declining water quality and quantity, increasingly unreliable climate, slums and a growing population of urban poor, and a shortage of wood and biomass resources. All these have affected the quality of life and the national economy.

Environment and climate change programmes play an important role in increasing the productivity and sustainability of key sectors including land, forest management and agriculture. Through the recently initiated Fund for Environment and Climate Change (FONERWA), US$ 700,000 domestic capitalization and approximately US$ 36 million has been mobilised to fund projects aimed at pursuing a green Rwandan economy.

4. Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA)

Rwanda Environment Management Authority was established as an institution mandated to deal with environmental planning and regulation. REMA coordinates and reports on the implementation of the environment sub-sector activities. The body also advises the government on all matters pertaining to environment and climate change.

Through decentralised structures, REMA promotes and ensures that the environment is protected and natural resources, sustainably managed.

5. Mining Sub-sector

Mining is one of the sub-sectors that constitute the Environment and Natural Resources Sector. It has a mission to build a strong geology and mines sector in order to increase national revenues through proper management of the country’s mineral resources and with the capacity to monitor natural hazards.

Mining sub-sector is one of the key priority areas that could trigger the economic growth of the country if sufficient investment is made and the challenges that hinder the development of the sub-sector removed.

Mining is identified in Vision 2020 as one of the sectors that should be developed to expand the economic base, especially exports. It was recognised that there was need to know the mineral potential to strengthen investment and identify other minerals beyond the traditional ones – like tin.

6. Forestry and Nature

Forestry and Nature Conservation is one of the five sub-sectors that constitute the Environment and Natural Resources Sector. The objective of this sub-sector is to sustainably manage forest and biomass resources. Concerning environment issues, the Forestry and Nature Conservation helps to map, assess and rehabilitate critically degraded ecosystems as part of the Integrated Management of Critical Ecosystems.





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